Blenheim Palace and Americans

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As an American, I’m easily blown away by the great houses that dot the English landscape. The grand scale of some of them is super impressive. After all, the United States doesn’t have anything comparable. Even the now public estates of our wealthy families from the past, the Newport cottages, Biltmore, Hearst Castle, do not come near the level of an estate like Blenheim Palace. And that’s a good thing, because who really needs a palace unless you’re royalty? And the US does not have royalty for a reason. Many of the great houses in Britain were built before the United States even existed.

I’ve visited a variety of English castles, palaces, and houses over the years. Windsor Castle, a current residence of the Queen, is certainly beyond impressive. But, the sheer vastness and scale of Blenheim Palace, eight miles northwest of Oxford, with its 2000 acres of parkland and over 300 years of history is, well, hard to conceive.

It was a gift from a grateful Queen Anne to the 1st Duke of Marlborough after he defeated the French at the battle of Blenheim in 1704. A victory over the French is always worth a lot after all. It was built between 1705 and 1722 in the English Baroque style and today is the home of the 12th Duke and his family. It’s also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

President Trump’s visit to Blenheim on July 12, 2018 was hardly the first bit of American history at Blenheim, though it may have been the first US presidential visit to the estate. The residence has a long history of American visitors and beginning in 1895, American residents. American heiress Consuelo Vanderbilt married the 9th Duke of Marlborough at age 18 under great protest. The arranged and supposedly loveless marriage was a sacrifice for the bride and groom, hers to please her social climbing mother and his for the marriage settlement of approximately $2.5 million, American money to save a prime piece of British heritage.

Churchill's birthplace

Bedroom and bed where Winston Churchill was born.

In 1874, twenty-one years earlier, another American member of the larger Duke of Marlborough family, Jenny Churchill, gave birth unexpectedly while attending a party at Blenheim.  The baby boy, named Winston, was grandson of the Duke of Marlborough. He would grow up visiting family at Blenheim and spent much of his childhood there. He proposed marriage to his wife Clementine in the Blenheim gardens at the Temple of Diana in 1908 and he is quoted as having said: “At Blenheim I took two very important decisions; to be born and to marry. I am content with the decision I took on both occasions.”.

Having seen the room where Churchill was born, I also wanted to visit his final resting place. Churchill selected the family vault at St. Martin’s Church, in the tiny village of Bladon about a mile from Blenheim. His modest grave is surprising for a man who has been called the greatest Britain of the 20th century and who was honored with supposedly the largest state funeral in British history to that point.

Blenheim tells the story of an interesting intersection of American and British history (not unlike the Downton Abbey TV series) and its popularity as a tourist destination today demonstrates its enduring presence in Britain’s rich heritage. Plus, who doesn’t want to gawk at the beauty and grandeur of aristocratic life?

Consuelo Vanderbilt with Winston Churchill at Blenheim

Consuelo Vanderbilt with Winston Churchill at Blenheim, 1901

 

About Tim

Author, public historian, and consultant. Author site: timgrove.net - My fifth book, Star Spangled: The Story of a Flag, a Battle, and the American Anthem, was published in May 2020. Consulting site: grovehistoryconsulting.com I specialize in exhibition development, interpretive planning, education strategy, and history relevance. I'm passionate about helping history organizations of all sizes and kinds make history more relevant for their communities and the people they engage with. I'm happy to consider many types of writing projects for informal learning organizations. Reach me at tim@grovehistoryconsulting.com or authortimgrove@gmail.com
This entry was posted in 18th century, 20th century, cemetery/grave, garden, house, International and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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